Passenger ships have been using Liverpool as a port for centuries. Indeed, it is estimated that 9 million people emigrated to North America through Liverpool. However, in the 20th century, the passenger ship business in Liverpool almost disappeared as the great liners moved their base of operation south to Southampton.
Liverpool, however, has seen a revival of the passenger ship business in recent years as cruise ships have began to use the port. The port now sees about 60 cruise ships each year bringing 110,000 visitors to the city.
A major reason for this revival was the construction of a cruise terminal, which opened in 2011. It is located at Princes Parade in the heart of the city. It lies within the shadow of the Three Graces and many of the city's attractions, such the Albert Dock complex and the Walker Art Gallery, are within a ten to 30 minute walking distance. (Note: The Beatles' boyhood homes are beyond walking distance). A landing for the ferry to the other side of the Mersey is next to the cruise terminal.
The present cruise terminal consists of a floating dock that is attached by bridges to the shore. Ships dock parallel to the shore. At the end of one of the bridges is a modular cruise terminal building.
The entire complex was built with the proviso that it would only be used as a port of call. However, after much legal argument and Liverpool's repayment of part of the construction cost, the facility is now also used for embarking and disembarking passengers. As a result, some cruises now begin and or end in Liverpool,
Liverpool has announced plans to build a larger cruise terminal near the existing facility.
Above: The Liverpool cruise terminal at Princes' Parade.
Above: Queen Mary 2 in Liverpool.
Below: Queen Elizabeth at the cruise terminal.
Cruise destinations - England - Liverpool - Overview